On Holidays, Period Food, and What We Feed Our Characters

Having finally finished the clean-up from Thanksgiving (the wedding crystal goblets I have to wash by hand tend to decorate the kitchen counter for days), I am now looking ahead to the next holidays, and more meals to be planned in celebration. Special occasions and special food always go together. Do you have a traditional holiday food you make or fondly remember? For Christians, this past Sunday was the first Sunday in Advent, the season leading up to Christmas, and in some parts of England, is also known as “stir-up day” –the day you are supposed to stir-up the batter for your Christmas cake or pudding so it will have enough time to age properly. (The day can also be the last Sunday before the start of Advent.) There’s a double meaning to the name, as one of the old texts used by the church for the start of Advent begins “Stir up , we beseech thee O Lord” and one site claims “this activity of stirring-up the ingredients symbolizes our hearts that must be stirred in preparation for Christ’s birth.” Christmas cakes (aka fruitcakes) have a pedigree as long as the technique of using rum or brandy to preserve food. “Plum Pudding” was also around long before the Victorians popularized it as “Christmas pudding”. Either one could include meat with the dried fruit in their early forms, but one is baked and the other was boiled –steamed in later times.

For someone who’s not a great cook, maybe it’s ironic that I’ve always been interested in period food, but it comes honestly from my interest in the daily life of other times. The Regency isn’t my only pet period –I’m a member of the Society for Creative Anachronism and indulge in medieval interests, too. I collect cookbooks on period food, and recently added Dinner with Tom Jones: Eighteenth Century Cookery Adapted for the Modern Kitchen, by Lorna Sass (1977, the Metropolitan Museum of Art). Sass also wrote To the King’s Taste (Richard II) and To the Queen’s Taste (Elizabeth I).

Cover-Dinner with Tom Jones.jpgI can’t believe I found this treasure in my church yard sale!! I recommend it as a research gold-mine; it has notes about menus, how dishes should be arranged on the table, and all sorts of extra goodies besides the recipes, and while it covers a period slightly earlier than our beloved Regency, back then things did not change as rapidly as they do now. Casting about for what to feed our characters, a ragoo of asparagus or heavens, yes, a chocolate tart(!) might be just the thing we need to serve them. And the book is illustrated with delightful sketches of county life by Thomas Rowlandson (behaving properly for a change).

Cover-Dinner with Mr DarcyOn my Christmas list is another cookbook just released last month which should also be of great interest to us all –Dinner with Mr Darcy by Pen Vogler, a new addition to the existing canon related to food in Jane Austen’s books and life. Besides recipes inspired by Jane’s novels and letters, it also promises notes about table arrangements, kitchens and gardens, changing mealtimes, and servants and service, etc.

Both of these books use Hannah Glasse’s first cookbook, The Art of Cookery Made Plain and Easy (1747), as a chief source. A reviewer of Vogler’s book (http://tinyurl.com/mlrxl6j) says this was “one of the first commercial cookbooks to capture the public imagination and was used by middle-class families like the Austens well into the 19th century.” Does food history interest you? Do you care about what our story characters eat? (The book I’m editing now for reissue, The Captain’s Dilemma, has a running joke about the family’s inventive but not very good cook.) What are some of your favorite resources?

I wish you all very happy holidays and some memorable meals with friends and family, whatever you celebrate!

P&P Dinner Scene
Mr Collins (Tom Hollander) distracts Elizabeth Bennett (Keira Knightley) from her meal in the 2005 ‘Pride and Prejudice’ -Photo Credit: Rex Features/Everett Collection

About Gail Eastwood

Gail Eastwood is the author of seven Regencies that were originally published by Signet/Penguin. After taking ten years off for family matters, she has wobbled between contemporary romantic suspense and more Regency stories, wondering what century she's really in and trying to work the rust off her writing skills. Her backlist is gradually coming out in ebook format, and some may also be available in print editions soon. She is working on a new Regency, the start of a series.
This entry was posted in History, Jane Austen, Regency, Research and tagged , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

13 Responses to On Holidays, Period Food, and What We Feed Our Characters

  1. Ooh! Gail, you are NOT good for my budget! These look like some wonderful resources! Adding them to my Christmas list as well. I do remember having Christmas pudding when we lived in England and I have a vague memory of visiting it in the pantry.

    • LOL, Louisa! I love being a bad influence -or at least sharing the guilt? Hope you receive them as gifts. I so envy you for having lived in England. I can imagine “visiting” the pudding with great anticipation!!

      • I was nine years old when we moved there and twelve when we left. (Air Force Brat) My brothers and I still remember it as three of the most magical years of our lives. We lived in a village 22 miles from the base and were completely immersed in village life. And my mother has always been the adventurous cook. She can still make a fabulous Yorkshire pudding and shepherd’s pie.

        • Your time there does indeed sound magical to me, Louisa! And yum, Yorkshire Pudding! My mom used to always make that for us when she made roast beef for “Sunday dinner” when I was growing up. Alas, I can’t eat wheat now, so no pudding even if I were inclined to cook it! I do miss it.

  2. I have an 1765 copy of Hanna Glass’ cookbook, and I love it. The only thing is that many measurements are a pinch, or a “goodly handful” and eggs were a different size back then (so 30 modern eggs are just too many). But it’s fun to experiment with it.

    • Hi Shannon! Thanks for stopping by! What a lovely treasure to have an original copy of the Glass recipe book, even if it isn’t all that practical. That’s what these later sources are great for –they’ve done all the work to figure out a modern version of the recipes. I confess I don’t know how they do it –a lot of experimentation, trial and error, I suppose. Have you ever tried to do it?

  3. Elena Greene says:

    Ack, it’s too late to add these to my Christmas list.

    I love food, modern and historic, and would love to try more period recipes. I’ve made a few baked goods from The Jane Austen Cookbook and other places, with mixed success. The gingerbread was dry and difficult to work with, too gingery and not sweet enough for most people. I think tastes may have changed, but every experiment is interesting.

    • Elena, good for you for trying some of the recipes! I think you’re right, in some ways our tastes have changed –everything sweeter. Well, I won’t get started on a corn syrup rant here, LOL. But trying out the period food is a great way to access the experience we give our characters when they eat it –we would know exactly how it looks, smells and tastes!

  4. Nedra says:

    You never fail to teach me something new!

  5. Kristen says:

    Just wondering if people brought food items as gifts for the holidays? I’ve been packing up homemade chocolates for gifts this week!!

    • Good question, Kris! I don’t know. Anyone else know? I am aware that they sometimes would bring food gifts if someone was ill. During the Regency, Christmas itself was not celebrated in the big way that the Victorians introduced and we continue, but gifts were often exchanged for Twelfth Night. Just not sure if food was among the kinds of gifts generally given. Something to research in my spare time!!!

Comments are closed.